Survivalism and preparedness for survivalism is approached in a wide spectrum of scenarios and circumstances. It is mainly affected by the type of emergency and the potential risks faced during a disaster situation. Below are the characterizations that would fit a survivalist. You may fit in one, more than one or all of the categories:
1. Safety Preparedness
You may be more of a person who is geared more towards safety preparedness. Folks in this category are focused more towards survival skills and preparedness in surviving life-threatening scenarios. This could be threats that would incur physical injuries and knowledge on self-defence is required. These threats could be of either abiotic or biotic by nature and survivalists overcome this by mitigation plans and prevention techniques.
2. Wilderness Survival Oriented
The main concerns in this category involve, stress, fear, hunger, climate, health, terrain and thirst, since we are dealing with the wilderness here. The common rule of 3 in wilderness survival applies here, and they are: 3 days no water, 3 weeks without rations, air deprivation for 3 minutes, 3 hours with zero shelter.
3. Self-defence Driven
This group deals mainly with hand to hand combat survival, so naturally self defence weapons and tactics play a big role here. Survivalism revolves around fire-arms and strategies against home invasion and attackers.
4. Natural Disasters
Folks in this category are exposed mainly to flood, tornado, hurricane, wildfire, heavy snowfall, and earthquake. Survival tools required for this category include tools for constructing and rebuilding temporary shelters. Preparation of survival kits, bug out bags and emergency kits are critical in this category. They must have sufficient rations and water to last until help comes around.
5. Bio-chemical Outbreak
The concern for this group is the outbreak of deadly diseases, nerve gasses and biological agents. This also include botulism, swine flu, H1N1, and dengue fever, ebola, Lassa virus, cholera, plaque, hantavuris, SARS, rabies, anthrax and Marbug Virus. For preparedness, they need to have NBC respirators, coveralls made of polyethylene, duct tape, plastic sheeting, PVC boots and nitrile gloves.
Common Survivalist Acronyms Include:
1. Alpha Strategy
This is the common practice of storing in excess of consumable items in case things run scarce in the event of a disaster strike.
That simple stands for bug out bag. Its a common practise for survivalist to have a pack or bag to stuff survival tools and rations when time comes for bugging out. This bag for bugging out is normally called a bug out bag.
Which stands for bug out vehicle, as the name implies , is a vehicle prepared for bugging out during emergencies.
Is short for; every day carry. This refers to items that are commonly carried around by survivalist when he/she is out looking scavenging of looking for food. This normally refers to a pistol that is carried around for self defence and protection.
More popularly coined by James Wesley Rawles, that means get out of dodge, which means bugging out of urban areas in times of a disaster.
Hope this article has given you a good insight of what survivalism is all about, and may this help you in your journey to survival preparedness.